One of the most important aspects of tree and shrub management is pruning. Knowing why, when, and how to prune correctly will make the difference between a healthy, aesthetically pleasing plant and one that is un-healthy, misshapen or both.
The first pruning of young trees and shrubs always consists of removing broken, crossing, and weak- structured branches. Prune these plants for structural integrity and cosmetic reasons only.
Later on maintenance pruning to maintain plant health is required. Here we consider the elimination of dead, dying, or diseased wood. Any dying branch or stub can be the entry point for insects or disease that could spread to other parts of the tree.
When removing diseased wood, it is important that the cut be made into healthy wood, beyond the point of infection, with a sterile blade.
The development of a sound framework through proper thinning will help prevent disease and loss of vigor while maintaining good form. Even evergreen shrubs usually will benefit from an occasional thinning of foliage. This thinning will allow light and air to penetrate throughout the shrub, resulting in even growth of the foliage
Modern landscaping calls for the natural look or enhancement of most plants.Pruning will also enhance the natural growth habits of the landscape features.